Vertical farming is the method of growing crops in layers that are vertically stacked. This method may utilize hydroponic, soil or aeroponic crop growing techniques. The vertical farms endeavor for food producing in the environments of various challenges, such as where arable land can be unavailable or rare. The technique helps towns alongside the mountain, cities and deserts produce distinctive sorts of vegetables and fruits by utilizing design similar to that of skyscraper and strategies of precision agriculture.
Most of the vertical farms utilize encased structures like the greenhouses that stack in a vertical structure, either specifically over one another or lurched for exposure of better light from natural source. In the event that sparing space is of most extreme significance, hydroponic techniques as a producing medium rather than soil taken into consideration minimized weight and lower necessity of water by up to 70%. The utilization of aeroponics additionally diminishes weight and water prerequisites. Most vertical farms can be either aeroponic or hydroponic and does not have a run off that might make the plants potted heavier.
The vertical farming usually utilizes a blend of artificial light and natural light. LED’s are generally used for artificial lighting is and might be driven by a source of renewable energy, for example, wind turbines or solar power.
The method of vertical farming has numerous advantages some of them are as listed;,
- The method permits most extreme crop yield, i.e. vertical farming can enable harvests to be developed constantly consistently, as it isn't dependent on climate.
- The crops can be produced all through the whole day and night as the method utilizes L.E.D. lights hence photosynthesis can happen constantly.
- The method diminishes costs related to transportation as it will be less expensive for transportation since you can develop vertical farms in urban localities, so the need for importing crops from different regions is cot down.
- The method is eco-friendly as it diminishes the requirement for transportation which implies reduced pollution.
- Utilization of water is extremely minimal; this method uses just 10% of the water that is required for techniques of traditional farming.
- The method of vertical framing required less land use for producing crops/plants as compared to the technique of traditional farming since the vertical farms may be extended upwards.
- The crop produced by this method is organic as no pesticides are required as the number of pets to harm the yields is zero.
The supporters of the method of vertical farming acclaim the effect it may have now and later on to improve the food security and also positively effect on the health of humans. The method might lessen the measure of farmland required, which can diminish pollution and deforestation, and help the urban regions to become self-sufficient in case of food.