What is Ophthalmoparesis?
Ophthalmoparesis also known as ophthalmoplegia is the paralysis medically known as -plegia or weakness medically known as –paresis of an individual or more extra ocular muscles that are responsible for the movements of the eye.in simple terms it can be defined as the paralysis around the eye. It is also the physical diagnosis or findings in some type of ophthalmologic, endocrine and neurological disease. There are two major types of ophthalmoplegia internal and external. Internal ophthalmoplegia refers to the weakness or the involvement that is limited to the ciliary muscle and pupillary sphincter muscle. External ophthalmoplegia means the involvement of a single muscle known as extra ocular muscles. Some of the patients also suffer from complete or total ophthalmoplegia which implies to the involvement of both the types.
What are the causes of ophthalmoplegia?
Ophthalmoparesis can be caused due various disorders that effects the eye and the parts of it-
- Grave disease, which affects the orbit of the eyeball and blocks the movement of the eye through mechanical restrictions.
- Myasthenia Gravis that is a disorder regarding the neuromuscular junction of the eye.
- Orbital cellulitis that refers to eye infection or the infection that surrounds the eye can be a major causing factor.
- Cells that affect cerebral cortex also play a major causing role.
- Brain injuries can majorly lead to Ophthalmoparesis, as brain is closest to and also influences the eye most.
- Thyroid disease is very dangerous and can eventually cause problems with visit and eye organs as well.
- Eye wears are necessary in order to protect the eye and increase the ability of vision but wearing a wrong pair of eye wear or spectacles can damage the eye or the vision.
Diagnosing it is not a difficult task as it can be easily found out by visit and eye specialist and going through physical eye examination. The doctors analyze the eye movement and the eye organ condition and gets and idea about the disorders or the symptoms. One may even need to get their blood tested in order to understand the cause or the disorder accurately.
Treatment majorly depends upon the cause and the type of the disease. The children that are born with the disorder are often not even aware about the disorder and do not visit a doctor. While adults are mostly advised to wear glasses to achieve proper vision and prevent migraine.