What is Myasthenia gravis disease?
Myasthenia gravis disease shortly known as MG refers to a long- term neuromuscular disease that leads to the weakening of the skeletal muscles to various degrees. The muscles that get affected the most by the disease are face, eyes and the muscles used for swallowing. The disease also results in drooping eyelids, trouble in walking, double vision and trouble in talking. The patients who suffer from the disease usually develop a thymoma and have a bigger thymus gland. Myasthenia gravis is a form of disease that are regarded as auto immune that are a result of antibodies that destroy or block the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors at a point that is between the nerve and the muscle. This disease can be cured with the help of medications called acetylcholinesterase inhibitors like pyridostigmine and neostigmine.
What are the symptoms of Myasthenia gravis disease?
The symptoms of this disease can occur differently for various organs and various common physical functions like-
- Eyes- the disease may show its initial effects in the muscles around the eye and causes eyelids drooping, swelling on the eye corners, one may even experience pain or irritation while watching TV, reading something and when exposed to sun.
- Eating – the function of eating is common and has to repeat it several times within a day but when a person suffers from the Myasthenia gravis disease eating becomes painful and difficult. As one may feel pain and irritation while swallowing because of the inflammation and the swelling of the throat muscles.
- Speaking- a common feature of a human being is speaking but the disease makes it hard to speak as well, regular slip of tongue, having difficulty while speaking, and regular throat ache makes it very difficult to speak as well. This is a common symptom in the patient and thus is not taken that seriously and is often neglected by many doctors as well.
- Head and neck- this diseases leads to the weakening of the facial expressions and the muscles that are responsible for keeping the facial features healthy, and this leads to an open mouth as the muscles can no more hold the mouth closed. Smiling and chewing also becomes a difficult task. The muscles around the neck and the jaw also damage and do not keep the head straight. Drooling eyelids, loose jawline, swelled up neck muscles, open mouth, faster breathing and swollen eye muscles are common problems for the patients.