What is Multiple sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is a disease that can cause severe or permanent damage to the central nervous system that is the brain and the spinal cord. This disease makes the immune system attack the protective sheath also known as myelin that surrounds the nerve fibers and may cause problems while communication of the brain and the other parts of the body. The disease can permanently damage the nerves. The symptoms of Multiple sclerosis majorly depend upon the range of damage that the nervous system faces and what nerve has exactly been damaged. Some of the patient suffering from this disease can also lose their ability to walk independently without any support, while many experience extreme amount of pain without showing any new symptom. There is no exact treatment invented for this disease nut regular support and medical help can help in faster recovery from the frequent attacks and the symptoms can also be managed and the effects of disease can also be minimized.
What are the symptoms of Multiple sclerosis?
The symptoms can be of large variety as they differ from person to person which makes the disease difficult to be diagnosed. Some of the major symptoms are-
- Weakness or numbness in a specific or more limbs that usually occurs on a side of the body not the entire body at a time. The numbed area can be the leg or the trunk.
- Complete or partial loss of the ability to see, usually the patient experience pain in one eye and eventually the vision making it difficult to see. Chronic double or triple vision is also a major problem.
- Tingling and frequent pain in various parts of the body.
- Dizziness and the feeling of unconsciousness can result in people getting fainted a number of times.
- An individual also faces problem with the bladder and the bowel this results in a troubled excretion process and pain while the process.
- Slurred speech is also a frequently occurring symptom, a person faces difficulty while talking, and the throat muscles get swollen up and make it difficult to speak. The tongue also feels to be out of control sometimes.
- One also experiences electric shock and sensation while moving the neck specially while bending it forward, this sensation is also felt in various joints of the body, including the elbows and the knees and makes it very difficult to walk, run, sit or carry on day to day activities.