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What is Infant Goat Milk Formula?

2017-04-25

The goat milk formula for infants is a highly debatable subject. To begin with, it is essential to know any time of milk which is drunk by adults is not suitable for infants. They require a specific combination of nutrients which is best found in breast milk. Mothers feed their infant’s goat milk because the babies are found allergic to cow milk or lactose intolerant. However few things to note here-

  1. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has observed that there is no convincing evidence that goat’s milk causes lesser allergic reactions as compared to cow’s milk
  2. Only about 1.8 to 3.4% of babies are allergic to cow milk formula and
  3. Almost 2/3rd of the children who are sensitive to cow milk will also be sensitive to goat milk.

Goats  milk formula contains  lactose, 41%, maltodextrin, , vegetable oils like palm oil, rape seed oil, sunflower oil; Salts and amino acids like L-tryptophan, choline bitartrate, L-cystine, L-methionine, L-isoleucine; vitamins like vitamin E, niacin, vitamin A, biotin, vitamin B6, vitamin D, vitamin K, vitamin B12, thiamine, folic acid, riboflavin ; minerals like zinc sulphate, calcium-D-pantothenate, potassium iodate, sodium selenate, copper sulphate, manganese sulphate, calcium carbonate, iron lactate, sodium citrate etc.

UK Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has stated that Goat’s milk-based formula should not be given to infants below 1 year of age because of the following reasons:

  • The protein content in goat’s milk is 3.6 gm pro/100 ml, which is more than that in infant formula (1.4 gm/100 ml) and human milk (1.0 gm pro/100 ml). As a result of this, goat’s milk formula puts the infants at risk of high renal solute load and dehydration.
  • To reduce the renal load, goat’s milk formula has to be diluted to 2/3rd of its strength. However when it is diluted, its nutrients and calories are also diluted this increases risk of water intoxication and hyponatremia.