Varicose veins are a collective term given to a condition where the veins get gnarled and enlarged, and overfilled with blood. Any vein might turn varicose, however the most commonly affected ones are the veins in the feet and legs, owing to the increase in the pressure in the veins of the lower body because of standing and walking upright. The enlarged veins in the legs usually appear dark purple or blue in color, also may be bulged out, lumpy and twisted in appearance. The functions of the veins which are blood vessels to return deoxygenated blood from other parts of the body back to the lungs and the heart. Veins have one-way valves which obstruct the flow of the blood backward. This failing act of these veins leads to gathering of blood and obstruct the flow that leads to the heart. When these blood carrying veins become unnaturally thick, enlarged and gets twisted and turned, they are called varicose veins. Veins of the thighs and legs are the most affected ones. This condition is also termed as varicosities or varicoses, and can be very painful. The main reasons that are accountable for varicose veins are persisting heart valve conditions, obesity, menopause, pregnancy, elevated abdominal pressure, and old age. Varicose veins can also occur due to phlebitis, i.e., a condition where the veins get inflamed and blood clots are formed. Research study done on varicose veins treatment market suggest that clinical test for this condition comprise of trendelenburg test to find the exact site of venous reflex and nature of the saphenofemoral junction.
A few symptoms of varicose veins:
Varicose Veins Treatments:
Treatment options meant for varicose veins are either active or conservative. The active treatments are segmented into non-surgical and surgical treatments. The below-mentioned newer methods of treatments have been proven to be very efficient in treating this condition.
Sclerotherapy – in this treatment method, the medical care professional injects a specific solution into small and medium sized varicose veins and shuts the affected veins. Once done, in a matter of few weeks, the treated varicose veins fade away. Even though the same vein might be required to be injected more number of times, this treatment is efficient if performed in the right manner. Also, this treatment does not need anesthesia and is done in the healthcare provider’s office.
Laser ablation – this treatment is also termed as endovenous ablation which makes use of laser energy and/or radiofrequency to callous and shut the veins that have been affected in the legs. This treatment is more so used to deal with the several symptoms of varicose veins such as skin irritation, aching, inflammation, and swelling. It is a safe and less invasive procedure and results in no visible scars.
Ambulatory phlebectomy – in this procedure, the healthcare expert with the help of tiny skin punctures, removes smaller varicose veins. In this case, only the effected parts of the legs which have to treat are numbed and also scarring is very less as compared to other procedures.
Endoscopic vein surgery – a patient might require this treatment procedure in case of severe condition that involves ulcers if other methods fail to treat the condition. The surgeon will make use of a thin camera to view the condition of the veins in the legs from within and removes them with the help of tiny incisions.
Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.